For a treatment of education as a discipline, including educational organization, teaching methods, and the functions and training of teachers, see teaching; pedagogy; and teacher education. For a description of education in various specialized fields, see historiography; legal education; medical education; science, history of. For an analysis of educational philosophy, see education, philosophy of. For an examination of some of the more important aids in education and the dissemination of knowledge, see dictionary; encyclopaedia; library; museum; printing; publishing, history of. Some restrictions on educational freedom are discussed in censorship.
In some countries, education opportunities for girls remain severely limited. Our easy-to-use, comprehensive, and secure supplemental digital learning program empowers administrators and teachers to help PreK-8 students build essential skills and excel in math and reading. At the level of the individual, there is a large literature, generally related to the work of Jacob Mincer, on how earnings are related to the schooling and other human capital.
- September 12, 2022 • Comprehensive, age-appropriate sex ed has all kinds of social, emotional and academic benefits, researchers say.
- Research has found that education is the strongest determinant of individuals’ occupational status and chances of success in adult life.
- Along lines of expression we must begin with the “content,” or cause, of expression.
- “EP represents a great opportunity to offer our students something new.”
- Families of children who miss school face harsher penalties depending on where they live in England, the BBC has found.
It has been argued that high rates of education are essential for countries to be able to achieve high levels of economic growth. Empirical analyses tend to support the theoretical prediction that poor countries should grow faster than rich countries because they can adopt cutting-edge technologies already tried and tested by rich countries. However, technology transfer requires knowledgeable managers and engineers who are able to operate new machines or production practices borrowed from the leader in order to close the gap through imitation. Therefore, a country’s ability to learn from the leader is a function of its stock of “human capital”.
The report showed some cases of successful voucher where there was an oversupply of quality private places and an efficient administrative authority and of subsidy programs. Evaluations of the effectiveness of international support to the sector are rare. Joseph Chimombo pointed out education’s role as a policy instrument, capable of instilling social change and economic advancement in developing countries by giving communities the opportunity to take control of their destinies. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in September 2015, calls for a new vision to address the environmental, social and economic concerns facing the world today.
Prehistoric and primitive cultures
There is also economic pressure from some parents, who prefer their children to earn money in the short term rather than work towards the long-term benefits of education. The Aztecs had schools for the noble youths called Calmecac where they would receive rigorous religious and military training. The Aztecs also had a well-developed theory about education, which has an equivalent word in Nahuatl called tlacahuapahualiztli. It means “the art of raising or educating a person”, or “the art of strengthening or bringing up men”. This was a broad conceptualization of education, which prescribed that it begins at home, supported by formal schooling, and reinforced by community living. Historians cite that formal education was mandatory for everyone regardless of social class and gender.
But even before the pandemic, more than half of all 10-year-olds in middle- and low-income countries couldn’t read or understand a simple story. Yet, for too many children across the globe, schooling does not lead to learning. The initiation “curriculum” does not usually include practical subjects. Instead, it consists of a whole set of cultural values, tribal religion, myths, philosophy, history, rituals, and other knowledge. Primitive people in some cultures regard the body of knowledge constituting the initiation curriculum as most essential to their tribal membership. Within this essential curriculum, religious instruction takes the most prominent place.
Regardless of setting, educational methods include teaching, training, storytelling, discussion, and directed research. Education is supported by a variety of different philosophies, theories and empirical research agendas. September 13, 2022 • In a letter to Biden, Republican governors say they support “making higher education more affordable” but don’t want to “force American taxpayers to pay off the student loan debt of an elite few.” In fact, many aspects of learning — in homes, at schools, at work and elsewhere — are evolving rapidly, along with our understanding of learning. Starting August 15th, visit TXschools.govto discover how your child’s school is preparing them for the next grade level and success after high school. Almost everyone agrees that a person should receive some form of education.